Slovak Republic, abbreviation Slovakia, EU country in Schengen customs system and Eurozone, with 5,5 million inhabitants and over 49 thousands quadrat kilometers area. Slovakia is a landlocked country in the geographical middle of Europe. Slovakia is connected with the Black sea through Danube river and with other ports of Europe through rails and roads. The geographical location on the East periphery of the European union makes Slovakia one of the contact countries of the Schengen area with the intact and ascension transshipments points.

Maritime ports

Slovakia as a landlocked country has no seaports.

Inland waterways ports

The Slovak republic has 3 inland waterway ports - in Bratislava, Komárno and Štúrovo.

The port of Bratislava is strategically the most important public port in Slovakia with more than 80% share of the total output of public ports and a relatively high potential for further development. Currently, the Bratislava port is used for a transhipment of goods between rail, road and water transport, directly or with an intermediate storage. It is located close to major transport centres - Vienna and Budapest. Due to it has an ideal waterway connection with the aforementioned cities. The most frequently transported commodities are bulk goods, general goods, liquid goods, heavy and oversize good.

The port of Bratislava

The most frequently transhipped commodities in the Bratislava port (in thousands of tons):

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Bulk cargo

Iron ore

726

522

1,066

973

983

1,367

1,329

1,164

1,068

993

1,069

Steel products

156

172

238

152

46

130

75

39

20

40

90

Artificial Fertilizers

240

203

210

188

152

173

157

144

151

116

117

Agricultural products

139

91

43

25

8

7

10

3

6

12

2

Coal, coke

13

23

15

10

96

265

5

0

3

1

0

Liquid cargo

Diesel

336

326

430

432

612

513

428

286

512

333

516

Petrol

259

187

197

166

163

156

167

197

157

141

143

Light and heavy heating oils

21

22

38

65

19

117

133

120

87

36

9

Total

1,960

1,605

2,276

2,127

2,134

2,746

2,350

2,013

2,053

1,716

2,009


The port of Komárno

The most frequently transhipped commodities in Komárno port (in thousands of tons):

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Bulk cargo

Iron ore

14

5

148

25

1

3

2

4

31

24

1

Artificial fertilizers

19

14

13

0

3

30

19

23

36

24

12

Agricultural products

115

52

75

30

13

12

8

8

2

10

88

Coal, coke

35

59

68

200

208

196

1

6

4

1

7

Liquid cargo

Diesel

104

100

120

126

119

133

121

84

0

0

0

Petrol

66

36

32

39

41

43

27

16

0

0

0

Total

442

343

490

448

413

457

200

149

87

85

115


The public port in Štúrovo
is the smallest of all Slovak public ports. The port operations performance in the Štúrovo port is minimal. The Štúrovo port focuses on the passenger transport. The trend derives from the rich history of Štúrovo and the town of Ostrihom (the settlement of the Archbishopric) on the opposite bank henceforth supporting the development of tourism.

Dry ports

In Slovakia there are nine container terminals in operation. Four of them are classified as a “dry port”: in Bratislava, Dunajská Streda, Žilina, Košice-Haniska. 90% of combined transport is transported through those terminals which means approx. 4,5 million tones.

Airports

Slovakia has a developed aviation sector, however due to limited distances within the small country and close proximity to major international hubs in neighbouring countries (Vienna, Budapest, Prague), passenger and cargo turnover is lower. Air links play an important role in tourism and economic development in the country. All airports are actively looking for new airlines and connections.

There are 2 main (Bratislava – www.bts.aero, Košice – www.airportkosice.sk) and several small international public airports (Poprad-Tatry – www.airport-poprad.sk, Sliač – www.airportsliac.sk, Piešťany – www.airport-piestany.sk, Žilina – www.letisko.sk) for commercial air transport. Scheduled flights are operated from 3 airports (Bratislava, Košice, Poprad-Tatry).

Major airlines operating scheduled flights from Slovak airports are:

  • Ryanair (numerous European destinations from BTS – www.ryanair.com)
  • Wizzair (several European destinations from KSC, TAT, BTS – www.wizzair.com)
  • Czech Airlines (to Prague, Bratislava and Kiev from KSC, to Prague and Košice from BTS – www.csa.cz)
  • Austrian Airlines (to Vienna from KSC – www.austrian.com)
  • LOT (to Warsaw from KSC – www.lot.com)
  • Pobeda (to Moscow from BTS – www.pobeda.aero)
  • FlyDubai (to Dubai from BTS – www.flydubai.com)
  • Travel Service Airlines/Smartwings (seasonal leisure flights to many seaside destinations from BTS, KSC – www.smartwings.com)
  • Turkish Airlines (to Istanbul from KSC, intends to start operations during summer 2016 – www.turkishairlines.com)

On the Slovak civil aviation register there are several airline companies, mostly providing operations outside of the country (charter flights, ACMI operations):

  • AirExplore (www.airexplore.sk) – operating B737-400, B737-800 aircraft
  • Go2Sky Airline (www.go2sky.eu) – operating B737-400, B737-800 aircraft
  • Travel Service Airlines Slovakia (www.smartwings.com) – operating B737-800, A320 aircraft
  • Air Cargo Global (www.acg-air.com) – operating B747-400F (cargo) aircraft

Number of passengers by year and airport (pax):

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Bratislava (BTS)

1 937 642

2 024 142

2 218 545

1 710 018

1 665 704

1 585 064

1 416 010

1 373 078

1 355 625

1 564 311

Košice (KSC)

343 818

443 448

590 919

352 460

267 060

264 866

235 754

237 165

356 750

410 449

Poprad-Tatry (TAT)

41 412

60 099

58 154

51 658

27 693

24 625

30 755

24 565

31 209

85 100

Sliač (SLD)

15 909

20 741

4 559

133

0

14 484

27 572

24 165

23 663

35 682

Piešťany (PZY)

5 100

4 274

3 285

657

1 427

539

494

896

1 956

2 030

Žilina (ILZ)

10 973

10 720

12 294

12 395

9 912

6 805

1 712

408

245

888

TOTAL

2 354 854

2 563 424

2 887 756

2 127 321

1 971 796

1 896 383

1 712 297

1 660 277

1 769 448

2 098 460


Cargo handled by year and airport (tons):

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Bratislava (BTS)

5 054

1 968

6 961

11 903

17 717

20 530

22 577

21 272

19 448

21 098

Košice (KSC)

323

264

457

269

115

86

84

45

82

252

Poprad-Tatry (TAT)

153

176

96

135

176

160

26

193

78

43

Sliač (SLD)

60

49

63

26

0

0

54

64

296

117

Piešťany (PZY)

44

5

1

1

0

0

52

14

16

164

Žilina (ILZ)

8

1

2

7

2

2

1

0

3

1

TOTAL

5 642

2 463

7 580

12 341

18 010

20 778

22 794

21 588

19 923

21 675


Container trains

Over 6 thousand trains are yearly transporting into, from and through Slovakia, as aforesaid, mainly from and to the Atlantic and Adriatic ports as well as the trains in the directions east whit transshipments on the wagons of broad gauges in the special transshipment points between two different rail gauges.

Logistics centers

In the present, there is only one logistic center in Dunajska Streda. This is wiht access through intermodal terminal to railways and roads. 56 warehouse centers over Slovakia enquired connected to roads.

Transport and logistics business associations

Association of Logistics and Forwarding of the Slovak Republic.

http://www.zlz.sk/en.html

Railway transport



The state administration of rail infrastructure: The Railways of the Slovak Republic – Železnice Slovenskej republiky – abbreviation ŽSR – www.zsr.sk

In the rail freight transport there is a state company – ZSSK Cargo a.s. – www.zscargo.sk - and over 20 private companies – www.zsr.sk/anglicky/railways-infrastructure/marketing/operators.html?page_ID=1048 .

Slovak republic has relatively thick railway network whit 3436 km tracks, 1435 mm gauge – 44% is electrified. Besides them in Slovakia there are 97 km broad gauge tracks which is to knot through Ukraine to broad gauge rail network. Next 46 km narrow rail tracks used to mainly for touristic and museums reason.

Road transport

Road freight transport is the main inland transport mode in the Slovak Republic, accounting for over 72% of all inland transport activity. The share of road in total inland freight transport has remained fairly stable over the last decade.

Road freight transport in 2014 amounted to:

Transport of goods total (thsd. Tonnes) – 142 622
Transport performance total (mill. tonne - km)- 31 304.

National transport operations carried out by domestically registered vehicles account for about two 90% of all transport activities. The share of international transport operations has increased during the last decade, from 11% of all road freight transport activities in 2004 to 29% in 2014. This is a sign of the increasingly more integrated single market in the EU. 48% of all international transport activities are carried out by vehicles which are registered in the Slovak Republic (import - export transport). The share of cross-trade transport and international cabotage in international road freight transport activities by vehicles which are registered in the Slovak Republic has gone up from 40 to 52 % between 2004 and 2014 (see also Figure 2).

The road haulage market in the Slovakia comprises around 6.800 predominantly small enterprises (except of transport on own account), with an average size of five employees per company. This number has been stable over recent years with 80% of companies counting less than 10 employees, whereas 99% have less than 50 employees.

In 2014, the stock of vehicles in the Slovakia level continued to increase to around 41.100 vehicles, a trend which persists since 2004.

Figure 1-Road freight transport



Figure 2- International road freight transport



Border crossing

Hauliers who make international journeys for hire or reward within the European Union (EU) must hold a Community Licence and a Standard International Operator’s Licence.

The Slovak Republic has agreements with several non-EU countries, which allow hauliers to travel to or through those countries as long as they hold a permit for the country with which the bilateral agreement has been made.

Currently, bilateral permits are required for journeys to or through: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Moldova, Morocco, the Russian Federation, Turkey, Uzbekistan, and Ukraine.

In addition to Community Licences and bilateral permits, hauliers can get permits to cross into other countries by using the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) multilateral permit scheme for journeys between its member countries.

Customs transit options when moving goods across the EU

All goods moved within the EU have a customs status of either Union or non-Union goods.

Union transit (UT) is a customs procedure used to help the movement of non-Union status goods between 2 points in the customs territory of the EU.

Customs duties and other charges are suspended on non-Union status goods whilst they’re under a customs transit procedure (T1 Status). Movements of Union status goods to or via the Common transit countries travel under Common transit (T2 Status).

Non-Union goods

Non-Union goods are goods not in free circulation in the EU. Such goods can be moved between 2 points in the EU using a transit procedure. Transports Internationaux Routiers (TIR), or International Road Transport, is only used for the movement of goods by road in secure/approved vehicles or containers, and under cover of a TIR Carnet.

Web-pages:

Border crossing

BORDER CROSSING POINT AT BORDER WITH UKRAINE:

Vyšné Nemecké – Užhorod - for passenger and freight traffic without exemptions,

Ubľa - Malyj Bereznyj - for passenger traffic (including busses) and freight traffic with total weight of vehicle up to 3,5 tones.

Ministry of transport of the country

Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development of the Slovak Republic

Web-page: http://www.telecom.gov.sk/index/index.php

Slovak Embassy in the People´s Republic of China

Address: Ritan Lu, Jianguomen Wai, 100 600, Peking, People´s Republic of China

Tel.: +86 1065321530, +86 1065321531
Fax: +86 1065324814
Mobil: +86 13911792084
Email: emb.beijing@mzv.sk
Web-page
: http://www.mzv.sk/web/peking