Lithuania has an extremely convenient geographical location with an easy access to 750 million consumer markets at its doorstep - the European Union (EU) and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). It plays an important transit country role in the East-West Transport Corridor (as well as Adriatica- Scandinavia Transport Corridor) and has established a well-functioning multimodal transport system. Lithuania is an attractive destination for investors with low interest rates, 15% corporate income tax, tax “holidays” in 7 free economic zones, 4 public logistic centres in major cities and 13,8 % of Lithuania’s GDP generated by transport and communications sector.  

Klaipeda Port is the northernmost ice–free port on the Eastern coast of the Baltic Sea and a bridge joining CIS, Asian, EU and other markets. It is in the closest time distance to be reached by train from China and already serves as a springboard for Chinese businesses to the EU and neighbouring markets. 

Lithuania offers an interoperable transport network of two railway gauges – Russian standard gauge (1520 mm) and European standard gauge (1435 mm), allowing for containers arriving from the East via wide (or so called Russian) gauge to be transshipped to narrow (or European) gauge and transported further to Europe via the new international railways Rail Baltica, and a unique experience of 30 min for border crossing formalities at the EU and CIS border crossing with simplified administrative procedures of cargo documentation.

Lithuania actively participates in implementation of intermodal railway transportation projects, which allows the country to be an important link of the global supply chain between Asia and Europe, ensuring competitive prices and continuity of transport and logistics services.

Lithuania has significantly improved its scores in all areas of the World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index (LPI), and now ranks 29th globally.  It has climbed 17 places since the last index in 2014, and leads the region for logistics performance. The LPI allows for comparisons across 160 countries in six key areas: customs, infrastructure, ease of arranging shipments, quality of logistics services, tracking and tracing, and timeliness. In 2016 Lithuania improved in all of these criteria.

 

Lithuania has appointed transport attachés and established representative offices of JSC “Lithuanian Railways” in China and all the countries along the route from China to Lithuania, namely Kazakhstan and Belarus.

Due to the benefits the Lithuanian transport and logistics infrastructure offers, Lithuania has already become a cargo transit gateway for the Chinese business investing in infrastructure projects in Belarus.

 

Maritime ports

KLAIDA PORT is Lithuania’s largest transportation centre, which provides all maritime business and cargo-related services: stevedoring, shipbuilding, ship repair, logistics, cargo forwarding and agency services, etc. 

The Port is situated at the crossroad of 2 international transport corridors and serves as a bridge between the markets of the CIS, the Asian regions and the European Union.

Klaipėda Port is a multi-purpose ice-free deep-water port operating 24/7. 14 large stevedoring, shipbuilding and repair companies work and provide all maritime business and cargo-related services here. The depth of the port is 15 m. The multipurpose port has 33 specialized terminals, which allow it to handle all types of cargo. Over 7,000 ships call the port annually. The annual capacity of the Port is over 65 million tons. The port is capable of accepting large–tonnage vessels:

  • dry-cargo vessels up to 100,000 DWT,
  • tankers up to 160,000 DWT;
  • containerships up to 12 000 TEU’s.   

The Port can accommodate vessels up to 350 m in length and with a maximum draught of 13,8 m.  It maintains trade relations with 65 countries.

Cargo declaration, border and customs clearance is carried out electronically through the sophisticated IT systems. It accelerates freight transportation, facilitates stakeholders’ work and increases the port competitiveness.

International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is introduced in Klaipėda. The terminals of the Port operate in compliance with the ISO 9000 and 14000 standards.

Klaipeda Port already serves as a springboard for Chinese business to the Baltic Sea Region and CIS countries, and taking into account its further plans for dredging the channel and construction of the outer port, Klaipeda Seaport will place itself among most competitive ports in the EU.

 

Hyperlink:

Klaipeda State Seaport http://www.portofklaipeda.lt/about-the-port

  • the total cargo turnover in port – last 10 years (millions t.):

  • cargo structure in port – 2016 (%):

 

Airports

Being located in the geographical centre of Europe allows Lithuania to be flight accessible from all the EU capitals in three hours or even less. 

The state regulation of the air transport is being carried out by Civil Aviation Department of the Ministry of Transport and Communications, the state management of the civil aviation is being carried out by Civil Aviation Administration. Four state-managed international airports operate in Lithuania. Vilnius, Palanga and Kaunas airports are civil airports which render services to regular and charter flights for passengers and cargo. Šiauliai Airport is a military airport, but the flights of civil aircraft are also permitted. Air navigation services in the airspace of the Republic of Lithuania are rendered by SE “Oro navigacija”.

 

SE Lithuanian Airports manages three branches: Vilnius, Kaunas and Palanga international airports.

SE Vilnius International Airport is the country’s largest international airport and can handle up to 3 million passengers annually, with a well-developed infrastructure to attract airlines for the transportation of passengers and cargo. It occupies the area of 326 ha, and the length of the aerodrome perimeter is 10.54 km. The length of the runway is 2,515 m; width – 50 m; Landing Category II.  In 2016 19 airlines operated scheduled flights on 57 destinations from Vilnius airport. The airport provides aviation and non-aviation services to national and foreign economic entities and natural persons. The Airport is a member of Airports Council International Europe and follows the requirements of International Civil Aviation Organization.

Kaunas International Airport can receive aircraft in minimal-visibility weather conditions and has a 3,250 metres length runway. In 2016 2 airlines operated scheduled flights on 18 destinations from Kaunas airport. It can handle up to 1 million passengers and 110,000 tons of cargo annually; its landing category is II. The area is 438 ha while the activities are carried out in the area of 126 ha. The airport intends to attract companies engaged in aircraft repair, manufacturing of parts and components, trade, etc. and seeks investors for the aviation-related business development investment project AEROHUB KUN. The estimated amount to ensure the first phase infrastructure (a new aircraft taxiway and passenger platform) is 7.2 million euro. During the second phase of development there is a plan to connect Kaunas Airport with Kaunas Free Economic Zone (FEZ).

Palanga International Airport situated in an excellent geographical location with great economic potential. It is located close to the Baltic Sea and 35 kilometres away from the ice-free port of Klaipėda. The airport can handle 500 thousand passengers per year. It has a 2,280 metres length runway. The airport was booming in 2016 as by the end of the year it has directly served 232,6 thousand passengers that is 60 percent more than in 2015. In 2016 9 airlines operated scheduled flights on 9 destinations from Palanga airport.

Hyperlinks:

Civil Aviation Administration http://www.caa.lt/index.php?812356304

SE “Oro navigacija” (Air Navigation) http://www.ans.lt/en/

SE Lithuanian Airports http://www.ltou.lt/en/

SE Vilnius International Airport http://www.vilnius-airport.lt/en/

Kaunas International Airport https://www.kaunas-airport.lt/en

Palanga International Airport http://www.palanga-airport.lt/en

Šiauliai International Airport http://www.siauliai-airport.com/

 

 

- Annual passenger turnover at the airports (millions); – last 10 years

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

VNO

1,45

1,72

2,05

1,31

1,37

1,71

2,21

2,66

2,94

3,34

3,81

KUN

0,25

0,39

0,41

0,46

0,81

0,87

0,83

0,70

0,72

0,75

0,74

PLQ

0,11

0,09

0,10

0,10

0,10

0,11

0,13

0,13

0,13

0,15

0,23

LOU

1,81

2,20

2,56

1,87

2,29

2,70

3,17

3,49

3,80

4,23

4,78

 

- Cargo turnover at the airports (thsd. t.)– last 10 years

 

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

VNO

5,57

5,78

5,72

4,34

5,29

5,78

5,93

8,26

8,02

8,19

9,08

KUN

6,86

6,82

3,34

2,12

4,45

4,22

3,36

2,11

2,06

4,70

2,48

PLQ

-

-

-

-

-

-

0,10

0,07

0,02

0,11

0,14

 

Container trains

Lithuania already has 8 international container trains running between the Baltic Sea Region to Russia, Poland, Ukraine, Turkey, Kazakhstan and China. One of the successful practices is the railway container train “The Sun train”. Freight transportation from China to Europe by sea takes 40 days which can be reduced to 10 days upon the shuttle container train “The Sun train”. “The Sun train”, launched in 2011 is an efficient intermodal chain of logistics between East and West goes from China (China/Kazakhstan border) to major European hubs with the reloading of containers in China / Kazakhstan border station Dostyk and Lithuanian / Polish border station Šeštokai. The project‘s development was approved by the presidents of Lithuania and Kazakhstan under the cross-border agreements. It has a huge potential while implementing the New Silk Road and One Road, One Belt strategy.

The “Viking train” is a joint project of Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Georgian and Azerbaijan Railways launched in 2003. The route crosses Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania and links the network of sea container lines of the Baltic and the Black seas, Mediterranean and Caspian seas. The Project has a strong potential to expand to the markets of Asia and Northern Europe.

The portfolio of container-train services also includes shuttle routes: Vilnius(LT)–Kostanay(KZ)-Vilnius(LT); Kaliningrad(RU)-Klaipėda(LT)-Moscow(RU); Poland(PL)-Lithuania(LT)-Belarus(BY)-Russia(RU); Vilnius(LT)-Klaipėda(LT)-Vilnius(LT); Kaunas(LT)-Minsk(BY)-Kaunas(LT) via Vilnius.

 

Hyperlinks:

The Sun Train, http://www.suntrain.eu/

Viking Train http://www.vikingtrain.com/

Baltic Wind http://www.htpr.lt/en/services

 

Logistics centers

Lithuania conducts its transport policy in accordance with EU guidelines and puts in place procedures for setting up public logistics centres. To promote coherent interaction between land-, air- and water-based modes of transport, logistics centres are being established in the most strategic locations of the biggest Lithuanian cities (Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda and Šiauliai). The plan is to establish and develop each logistics centre in an area of 50-300 hectares, where an intermodal terminal, logistics park, warehousing services and facilities, and administrative buildings are provided. The centres are expected to have a decisive impact, with facilities for rail, road, air and water transport used effectively, interoperability ensured between different modes of shipment along European transport corridors, and detours on highways and traffic congestion reduced.

The construction of Vilnius Intermodal Terminal (storage: 1,500 TEU; loading area: 600 m (1st stage) and 1,000 m (2nd stage); loading capacity – 100,000 TEU per year) and Kaunas Intermodal Terminal (storage: 550 TEU; loading area: 4 x 442 m; loading capacity: 55,000 TEU per year) has already been completed, and the terminals started to operate in 2015.  Kaunas Intermodal Terminal provides possibility of cargo transshipment to the markets of the East-West transport corridor due to the interoperability of two networks – a wide gauge and a broad gauge.

 

Hyperlinks:

Vilnius Intermodal Terminal (http://intermodalcenter.lt/en/vilnius-intermodal-terminal/

Kaunas Intermodal Terminal (http://intermodalcenter.lt/en/kaunas-intermodal-terminal/

 

Special Economic Zones

Free economic zones (FEZ) or industrial centres in Lithuania offer great possibilities for foreign investors and companies willing to establish their hubs – the most effective way to serve EU and CIS markets. There are established 7 FEZ in Lithuania (3 of them are operating and 4 of them will be finished in the short run) seize of 3700 acres in total, with physical and/or legal infrastructure, support service and tax incentives. State and Private Industrial parks are prepared for business use and have the entire necessary physical infrastructure (electricity, gas, sewerage, roads, etc.)

Advantages of FEZ in Lithuania: 0% corporate tax for the first 6 years; 50% discount on corporate tax over the next 10 years; 0% tax on dividends; 0% tax on real estate.

 

Kaunas FEZ: http://www.ftz.lt/index.php/html-meniu/kaunas-fez/60

Klaipėda FEZ: http://www.fez.lt/about-klaipeda-fez

Marijampolė FEZ: http://www.balticfez.com/marijampole/

Panevėžys FEZ: http://www.pfez.lt/en.htm

Vilnius FEZ, Šiauliai FEZ, Kėdainiai FEZ: http://www.investmentpartner.lt/About-Us/

 

Transport and logistics business associations

The Lithuanian National Road Carriers’ Association LINAVA http://www.linava.lt/en/about-association/

Lithuanian National Association of Forwarders and Logistics http://www.lineka.lt/en

Association of Lithuanian Stevedoring Companies http://www.ljkka.lt/en/

 

Railway transport

Railway transport in Lithuania provides efficient long-distance passenger and cargo services. Direct rail routes link Lithuania with Russia, Belarus, Latvia, Poland, and Germany. Also, the country is an integral part of the continental TRASECA railway network enabling easy transportation of cargo from Lithuania to Asian countries, including China. Lithuania is crossed by two European transport corridors: North-South direction Corridor I Tallinn- Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw with its branch IA Siauliai-Kaliningrad-Gdansk, and the branches IXB Kiev-Minsk-Vilnius-Kaunas-Klaipėda and IXD Kaunas-Kaliningrad of the East-West direction Corridor IX.

The length of railway lines in Lithuania totals 1877,2 km including 1520 mm broad gauge -1762 km and 1435 mm standard gauge – 115,2 km. 1520 mm track railways extend to the Baltic States and CIS, while 1435 mm track railways connect Lithuania with Poland and West European states.

The country’s railway system is being modernised and expanded, with a focus on improving international transport corridors, as well as to effectively service Belarus, Russia, Middle Asia, and China‘s freight markets.

Being the first between the Baltic States in constructing the European 1435 mm railway gauge, Lithuania already provides container reloading services from 1520 mm gauge to 1435 mm in Šeštokai terminal on the Lithuanian-Polish border. In few years, this capacity will increase significantly after intermodal terminal in Kaunas (Palemonas) will be connected to the European track railway. This route is seen as a complimentary solution for China-Europe trains to the existing route via Brest on the Belarus-Polish border.

JSC Lithuanian Railways is the largest freight and logistics services company with more than 150 years of successful experience. It operates 1877,2 km of track connecting Lithuania directly with the other Baltic states, Russia and Poland. It has its representative offices in Russia, Kazakhstan and China and cooperates with Chinese companies, as follow: CRIMT, China CAMC Engineering Co. Ltd., Sinotrans Limited, Kerry Logistics, Genertec International Logistics Co. Ltd., Bondex LogisticCo. Ltd. and China Merchants Group.

 

Hyperlink:

JSC Lithuanian Railways (AB ”Lietuvos geležinkeliai”) http://www.litrail.lt/en/

  • Cargo turnover in railways – last 10 years (thsd. t.)
 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Lithuanian Railways

50.299

53.468

54.970

42.669

48.061

52.330

49.377

48.028

49.000

48,053

47.651

 

  • Cargo structure by type of goods – 2016 (%)

All goods

47.650.617

100%

Fertilizers

14.328.587

30%

Oil and oil products

14.457.255

30%

Mineral products

4.598.560

9%

Agricultural products

3.096.921

6%

Ferrous metals

3.031.932

6%

Hard mineral fuels

2.688.903

5%

Food products

2.222.514

4%

Timber

1.109.917

2%

Chemical products

816.276

2%

Machinery, mechanical or electrical equipment, vehicles

297.895

1%

Animal and agricultural fats and oils

219.752

1%

Animal products

35.116

0%

Textiles

27.475

0%

Non-ferrous metals

2.724

0%

Other goods

716.924

2%

 

Road transport

Lithuania’s national road network, supervised by the Lithuanian Road Administration under the Ministry of Transport and Communications, covers approx. 21,252 km. There are 6.32 km of roads per 1,000 of population and 326.50 km of state roads per 1,000 sq. km of its territory. The majority of roads (62.01%) have asphalt pavement. In recent decades, roads in the country built with advanced technologies have been equipped with even more usable infrastructure via 2 Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) corridors and 6 European motorways crossing the country. The transportation of cargo by road accounts for about 50 per cent of total cargo transport, whereas passenger transport by road accounts for about 97 per cent of total passenger transport in the country. On January 1st 2017 the Lithuanian carriers had 5444 licenses to carry passengers and goods, and the fleet of more than 42 thousand vehicles (39 thsd. trucks).

 

Cargo carriers:

"Vlantana", http://www.vlantana.lt/en/

"ME transportas", http://www.girteka.eu/

"TRASIS", http://www.girteka.eu/

"KLP transport", http://www.girteka.eu/

A. Griciaus autotransporto įmone, http://www.agriciaus.lt/en

Transekspedicija Ltd., http://www.transekspedicija.lt/en

"Nostrada", http://www.rvtransport.lt/

"Finejas", www.finejas.lt/en

"TRANSTIRA", http://www.transtira.lt/?set_lang=en

"HOPTRANSA", http://www.hoptrans.lt/en/

"Transporto vystymo grupe", www.karlas.net

"TRANSMEJA", http://www.transmeja.lt/en

"TRANSIMEKSA", http://www.transimeksa.com/en

"Baltic transline transport", http://www.baltictransline.lt/home/en

"PETVA", http://www.petva.lt/index.php/en/

"Hegelmann transporte", http://www.hegelmann.lt/en.php

 

  • Cargo turnover with road transport – last 10 years (thsd. t.)

 

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

56.026,0

62.155,7

59.426,5

44.697,0

44.716,3

46.019,1

48.427,6

52.345,5

57.591,2

58.601,1

63.571,0

 

Border crossing

 

Lithuania has an external border of the EU and CIS (border with Belorussia and Russia (Kaliningrad). Having invested into new technologies we have simplified administrative procedures of cargo documentation at the EU and CIS border crossing minimizing border crossing formalities to 30 minutes. Due to the EU legislation transit cargo crossing the territory of Lithuania are tax exempt which also makes the border crossing easier.

To save time and avoid additional costs for freight carried by rail via Lithuania a simplified customs procedure is applied: at the border crossing points for cargo imported from the third parties (or for cargo transported to a third country via Lithuania) the JCS Lithuanian Railways endorses a simplified customs transit procedure by which a SMGS consignment note is the customs declaration and no additional individual customs declarations to the customs authorities are needed.

Since 2015 JSC Lithuanian Railways carries empty private freight wagons using only electronic documents of Agreement on International Goods Transport by Rail (SMGS) to/from the Republic of Lithuania from/to the Republic of Belarus and Russian Railways (Kaliningrad Region). SMGS consignment notes are executed only electronically signing them digitally and are not printed on paper.

Since May 2017 JSC Lithuanian Railways with  the Belarusian Railways started a pilot project for carrying loaded cargo wagons by rail freight transport using only electronic SMGS consignment notes without printing the documents.

To avoid queues and traffic flows at the border, Lithuania offers carriers to use the online Lithuanian border queue reservation and queue management system EVIS, which allows online pre-booking of the border crossing on Lithuanian– CIS border check points.

 

Border crossing points https://www.ltsiena.lt/yphis/bordersAndWaitingAreas.action :

Border with Russia

 

 

Kybartai border checkpoint

Kybartai, Basanavičiaus g. 10
N: 54° 38' 30.9"
E: 22° 44' 47.5"

Show on map
Reservation for categories: A/B/C/D

Kybartai waiting area

Kybartai , Basanavičiaus g. 55
N: 54° 38' 17.6"
E: 22° 46' 00.0"

Show on map
 

Panemunė border checkpoint

K. Donelaičio g. 2, Panemunės m., Pagėgių sav., LT-99029
N: 55° 05' 11.8"
E: 21° 54' 34.2"

Show on map
 

Ramoniskiu border checkpoint

Ramoniškiai, 71391 Šakių r.
N: 55° 03' 26.1"
E: 22° 35' 45.8"

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Nida border checkpoint

N: 55° 16' 53.0"
E: 20° 57' 56.7"

Show on map
 

Border with Belarus

 

 

Medininkai border checkpoint

Medininkai, Pasieniečių gt.
N: 54° 32' 51.5"
E: 25° 41' 08.6"

Show on map
Reservation for categories: C

Medininkai waiting area

N: 54° 33' 46.5"
E: 25° 38' 54.6"

Show on map
 

Lavoriškės border checkpoint

Lavoriškių k., Lavoriškių sen., Vilniaus r. sav., LT-15232
N: 54° 42' 55.5"
E: 25° 44' 19.9"

Show on map
Reservation for categories: C

Šalčininkų border checkpoint

Šalčininkai , 17127 Šalčininkų r.
N: 54° 16' 35.0"
E: 25° 22' 31.9"

Show on map
 

Raigardo border checkpoint

N: 53° 56' 40.6"
E: 23° 58' 41.1"

Show on map
 

 

Hyperlinks:

State Border Guard Service http://www.pasienis.lt/index.php?3639277145

The Directorate of Border Crossing Infrastructure under the Ministry of Transport and Communications http://www.pkpd.lt/en/about_directorate

Customs of the Republic of Lithuania http://www.cust.lt/web/guest/titulinis#en 

State Food and Veterinary Service http://vmvt.lt/what-we-do?language=en

The State Plant Service http://www.vatzum.lt/en/

The State Railway Inspectorate under the Ministry of Transport http://www.vgi.lt/en

 

Ministry of transport of the country

Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Lithuania (http://sumin.lrv.lt/en/ )

 

Embassy of the country in the People’s Republic of China

Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania to the People's Republic of China, to the Republic of Korea, to Mongolia and to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Address:

#A-18 King's Garden Villa,

18 Xiaoyun Road, Chaoyang District,

100125 Beijing, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

Tel. +86 10 845 185 20

Fax +86 10 659 065 07

E-mails: amb.cn@urm.lt; consul.cn1@urm.lt

Web-page: http://cn.mfa.lt