Three major Pan-European corridors pass through Croatia and make it your shortest route between Western Europe and Asia, Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean.

Located in Southeast Europe, bordered by Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro,Croatia is perfectly positioned for reaching the EU market as well as the markets of Southeast Europe.

Excellent road infrastructure with modern highways, fairly developed railroads, 6 seaports and 7 national airports offers great possibilities for multimodal transport of goods.

In recent years Croatia has invested heavily in developing the Trans-European transport network, primarily roads, motorways and ports. Investments into transport, telecommunications and energy infrastructure will continue in the future, with special emphasis on rail transport.

Maritime ports

Croatia has a long maritime tradition and the maritime sector has always played a key role in the economic, trade and social development of the country. Croatian ports handle large amounts of the country’s trade as well as transit cargo, and they play a vital role serving both the public maritime transport and coastal tourism markets. Some of Croatia’s ports have a considerable potential to become major Adriatic gateways to both Central and South-Eastern Europe.

According to the official journal, there are 433 ports and small harbours open to the public in Croatia, of which 95 ports with a minimum of one line service. Six major ports (Rijeka, Zadar, Šibenik, Split, Ploče, and Dubrovnik), are classified as a national ports or ports of international economic interes.



The main comparative advantage of Croatian seaports compared to other ports of the European Union is the fact that the Adriatic reaches far inland into the continent which ensures the shortest and cheapest transport connection for countries located behind Croatia to the east Mediterranean, and via the Suez Canal to Asian and east-African countries.

The majority of cargo traffic in Croatian ports is carried out in the Rijeka and Ploče ports, totalling close to 90% of the total cargo traffic of all Croatian ports of exceptional economic significance. On the other hand, the majority of passenger transport is carried out in the Split and Zadar ports, and Dubrovnik is the port with the majority of traffic of cruising vessels.

The development projects that are currently in the implementation phase should define the Croatian ports as modern logistics centres, taking into special consideration the options provided with the accession to the European Union and its commercial market of 500 million inhabitants.

Cargo traffic in seaports in 2015 amounted to 19 million tonnes. In terms of cargo type, traffic in coal and lignites, crude oil and natural gas was the most represented, with more than 30%, while coke and refined oil products were at around 18%. International cargo traffic in 2015 amounted to more than 80% of all traffic.

PORT OF RIJEKA

Detailed information on the Port of Rijeka and ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from: www.portauthority.hr

Main shipping lines calling the port of Rijeka could be found at Adriatic Gate Container Terminal web site: http://www.ictsi.hr/index.php/en/services/shipping-lines

PORT OF PLOČE

Detailed information on the Port of Ploče and ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from: http://www.ppa.hr/

Inland waterways ports (if exist)

There are 4 inland waterway ports in Croatia, all situated on the Danube River and its tributaries. While they are all parts of the TEN-T Rhine-Danube Corridor, the Vukovar (on the Danube River) and Slavonski Brod (on the Sava river) Ports have been classified as TEN-T Core Network ports, while Osijek (on the Drava river) and Sisak (on the Sava river) have been classified as ports of the TEN-T comprehensive network.

PORT OF VUKOVAR

Vukovar has an excellent connection to its hinterland with direct railway link to regional railway station Vinkovci, that is national hub for this region, and also a part of the corridor X, and it is only 40 km away from the Vc road corridor.The port is operable during the whole year regardless of water level. Across the port area four port operators currently operate transshipping all kind of cargo including bulk cargo, general cargo, liquid cargo, grains and containers.

Detailed information on the Port of Vukovar and ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from:

http://www.port-authority-vukovar.hr/default.aspx?id=53



Cargo

Year 2015

%

Dry bulk

390.508

92,03

Liquid bulk

12.243

2,89

General cargo

21.553

5,08

Total

424.304

100,00


PORT AUTHORITY SLAVONSKI BROD

The information on ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from:

http://www.en.lucka-uprava-brod.hr/

Port Authority Slavonski Brod has signed contracts with concessionaries who will increase traffic and cargo transshipment in the port of Slavonski Brod when they begin with performance of economic activity. These concessionaries are:

  • Crodux Plin and Crodux Energetika (building of power plant and bioethanol factory)
  • HŽ Cargo (warehouse and handling of liquid cargo)

STRUCTURE OF CARGO IN PORT OF SLAVONSKI BROD IN 2015. (%)

Type of cargo

% in total transhipment

Crude oil

32,77%

Gravel

66,65%

General cargo

0,57%


PORT OF OSIJEK

Port area has a good connection to the hinterland by rail and road and there is only 8,5 km from the Port to the Airport. Due to this facts the Port of Osijek has the capabilities to become an intermodal logistics hub.

Detailed information on the Port of Osijek and ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from:

http://port-osijek.hr/?lang=en

PORT AUTHORITY SISAK

Information on the Port of Sisak and ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from:

http://www.luckaupravasisak.hr/

Quantity of crude oil:

Year

Quantity

t

2001

204432

t

2002

218775

t

2003

160000

t

2004

190528

t

2005

174003

t

2006

156935

t

2007

139899

t

2008

167210

t

2009

120931

t

2010

118466

t

2011

83121

t

2012

42361

t

2013

42345

t

2014

49899

t

2015

53903

t

Airports

AVIATION INDUSTRY IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

AIRPORTS

The Republic of Croatia has 9 international airports (Zagreb, Split, Dubrovnik, Zadar, Pula, Rijeka, Osijek, Brač and Mali Lošinj). Seven of them are owned by the Republic of Croatia (55%) and local/regional government (45%), while Brač and Mali Lošinj have a majority share of private investors with a smaller share belonging to the Republic of Croatia.

Table 1: Annual passenger turnover at the Croatian airports in the period 2006. – 2015.



Graphs 1: Annual passenger turnover at the Croatian airports 2006. – 2015.



Table 2: Cargo turnover at the Croatian airports in the period 2006. – 2015.



Graphs 2: Cargo turnover at the Croatian Airports in the period 2006. – 2015.



Detailed information on the mentioned airports and ongoing and planned projects may be obtained from:

All investments in the new and reconstruction of the existing infrastructure are designed for Schengen accession for which we expect evaluation visit in 2016.

AIRLINES

Croatia Airlines was established 1989 and the Republic of Croatia holds a major share (over 99%). It is a Star Alliance member since 2004, and operates 80 daily flights to 18 countries (32 airports). In 2014, it serviced 1.8 million passengers, where almost 500.000 passengers came from the domestic market.

http://www.croatiaairlines.com/hr

Container trains

There are 16 exclusively container trains and 5 mixed trains for international container transport through Croatia, operating mostly on RH1 and RH2 corridors. 2 of them connect Halkali (Turkey) with Slovenia, 4 of them connect Trieste with Budapest, 2 of them connect Budapest with Koper, 4 of them connect Rijeka with Belgrade, 4 of them connect Rijeka with Budapest and Gyekenyes, 2 of them connect Belgrade with Ljubljana, 1 of them connects Villach with Halkali (Turkey) and 2 of them connect Villach with Belgrade and Ruma (Serbia).

Container routes between China and Europe go through Croatian ports. Companies which provide container service are:

Special Economic Zones

All pertaining information can be found at:

http://www.aik-invest.hr/zone/

Transport and logistics business associations

Railway transport

Today there are 3 state owned companies in the railway sector in Croatia, resulting from division of the former national company Croatian Railways: HŽ Infrastruktura –company for maintenance, management and construction of rail infrastructure (http://www.hzinfra.hr) , HŽ Putnički prijevoz – company for passenger traffic (http://www.hzpp.hr/) and HŽ Cargo – company for freight traffic (http://www.hzcargo.hr/) . There are also 4 private freight operators in Croatia for now:

Some information for company HŽ Cargo, which still performs most of freight transport (about 98%) in Croatia, is given in following graphs:



Mineral substances represented a biggest share in transported cargo (53%). The next two most represented groups of products were Chemical industry products (13%) and Base metals and their products (12%).



In absolute numbers (in thsd t):



Road transport

Admission to the occupation of road transport operator in the Republic of Croatia is fully harmonized with EU rules and subject to licensing regime, depending on the nature of transport (national or international). Transport for own account is not subject to the licensing regime.

The Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure is responsible for maintaining the electronic database of all licensed road transport operators, which is accessible on the website of the Ministry (www.mppi.hr, https://nrcp.mppi.hr/apex/f?p=nrcp:55:1403051652623601:::::)



Border crossing

  • There are 71 active road border crossings between Croatia and other states: 24 border crossings with Slovenia, 12 with Hungary, 8 with Serbia, 25 with Bosnia and Hercegovina and 2 with Montenegro. Out of them, 45 are suitable for both passenger and freight traffic.
  • There are 16 active railway border crossings between Croatia and other states: 7 border crossings with Slovenia, 3 with Hungary, 2 with Serbia and 4 with Bosnia and Hercegovina. Except 1, they are all suitable for both passenger and freight traffic.
  • There are 4 active border crossings in inland transport (Osijek, Slavonski Brod, Sisak and Vukovar).
  • There are 14 active border crossings in maritime transport, 7 of which are suitable for both passenger and freight traffic.
  • State custom service (https://carina.gov.hr/) is active on road and rail crossings with non-EU member states (Serbia, Bosnia and Hercegovina), while police border service (http://www.policija.hr/160.aspx) exists on all mentioned border crossings.
  • Link to veterinary inspection section of the Ministry of Agriculture webpage: http://veterinarstvo.hr/default.aspx?id=153#
  • Link to phytosanitary inspection section of the Ministry of Agriculture webpage: http://www.mps.hr/default.aspx?id=5868

Ministry of transport of the country

Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure

http://www.mppi.hr/

Embassy of the country in the People’s Republic of China

Embassy of the Republic of Croatia in the People's Republic of China

San Li Tun Diplomatic Office Building 2-72
100600 Beijing
P.R. of CHINA
croemb.beijing@mvep.hr
Phone: 0086 10 6532 6241
Fax: 0086 10 6532 6257
http://cn.mvep.hr/en