The development of Albania’s transport infrastructure has been and remains one of the top priorities of the Government of Albania (GoA). The aim is to create the preconditions for the development of other sectors of the economy, to increase the accessibility of freight and passengers in trade and service delivery, and to significantly contribute to overall economic growth and development of the economy.

The strategic priority is to accelerate the integration of Albania’s transport system and the establishment of an integrated market comprised of transport infrastructure by land (road and rail), by sea and by inland waterways. The main sector development goal is the “development of an efficient transport system, integrated in the region and in the EU network, which promotes economic development and the citizens’ quality of life”.

Maritime ports

Albania has four main port authorities: Durres, Vlora, Shengjin and Sarande and two oil private terminal facilities in Porto Romano (Durres) and Vlora Bay (Vlora). Except the last two and the Port of Durres, which operates on a landlord basis, the remaining three ports still operate as a public service port. There is no particular classification or prioritization as to which port(s) is/are of local, national, and/or internal economic interest, but overall flat or low growth rates with a particularly high concentration of traffic in the Port of Durres which handles roughly 78% of the country's seaborne trade in tonnage terms and 75% of all the export and import trade of the country, and this makes the Port of Durres be the most important seaport in Albania and, together with Bar in Montenegro, the most important within the Western Balkan region. Moreover, Port of Durres is part of Core Network is the main gate to Corridor VIII.

Airports

The air transport industry in Albania has seen significant changes following the Government’s positive policies towards European Trade Liberalisation, and the adoption of common safety standards, which are the European Community (EC) Regulations and Directives.

  • Albania is obligated as a contracting State of ICAO to comply with ICAO Convention for the safety and reliability or air navigation in the world.
  • Albania: signed, in June 2006, the European Common Aviation Area Agreement (ECAA), an agreement between the Balkan countries plus other non-EU countries and the EC Member States with the aim of promoting common targets in the aviation sector in a harmonised manner.
  • Albania fulfilled its Single European Sky (SES) commitments in respect of the first transitional period but more need to be achieved for the remaining requirements like Single European Sky (SES2) and Required Performance (RP2), and the Local Single Sky Implementation Programme (LSSIP) as part of the European Air Traffic Management (ATM) network.

Albania has an international airport: ‘Tirana International Airport (TIA)’, It acts as a Public Private Partnership (PPP), a concession for 20 years - until to 2025 - to a Build-Own-and-Operate modality.

http://www.tirana-airport.com/

This airport, which operated under “Concession Agreement between Albanian Government the concessionary company recently has been amended in order to create the condition regarding to develop the other international airport in Albania

  • The data for last 10 years are attached.

Container trains

Information on the development of international container train routes, which go through your country, information on container train routes between China and Europe crossing your country, possible test train projects with China. If there are already existing container trains, please, put a short description, the name and route of the container train, with hyperlinks to the concrete container train service. The containers traffic in seaport of Durres in containers terminal, is done by road not by rail yet due to lack of railway link with containers terminal. Actually is conducting study to constrcut the missing link by rail by Durres port authority to be linked with National Albanian Railways, our vagons can be adopted to carry out containers transport via multimodal corridor VIII and Seeto route 2 from/in seaport of Durres to Montemengro by Albanian Railway or toward FYROM by rail until Prrenjas east of Albania and continuing with multimodal road transport in FYROM territory where it is still missing 62.5 km railway link to further meeting Oreint-East Med TEN-T Corridor in Sofie, Bulgaria, or by Albanian railway until Prrenjas to continue in multimodal by road/rail toward Greece to Thessaloniki where railway meets the Orient-East Med TEN-T Corridor and beyond to Turkey toward China.

Containers traffic 2010-20124

Year

Traffic TEU

Traffic (ton)

2010

71,612

968,501

2011

78,327

1,043788

2012

83,194

1,171,185

2013

109,054

1,510,429

2014

99,350

1,300,539

Source Port of Durres

Logistics centers

Tirana Logistic Park (TLP) has 20 ha of space and a fully constructed 15,000 m² warehouse, multiple direct level docking and substantial parking storage available.

It is suitable for warehousing, distribution or light manufacturing.

Custom clearance and rail access are on site.

There is also the ability to "build to lease" for up to 25,000 m² of space.

Tirana Business Park (TBP) is an investment of Lindner Group from Germany, Europe’s leading company for interior fit-out, facade construction, insulation engineering, with 50 years of experience in ‘Building New Solutions’. TBP is implementing a concept of Class A Office Buildings, Flexible Office Space, 360° Property Service, Unique Design and Earthquake Resistant Structure, offered in an excellent green location, nearby “Mother Teresa” Tirana International Airport.

On June 30, 2015, TBP completed the construction of the 1st phase with three buildings, while the other four phases consisting of 14 more buildings will continue to develop within the next 10 years.

TBP is on its way becoming one of the hot spots in SEE, by bringing together industries, entrepreneurial models and creative impulses.

Railway transport

The Albanian railway network has in its use 420 km single main railway line with standard gauge of 1435 mm and approximately 100 km secondary lines in stations and industrial branches. The railway stations are 45 in total, in which there is being performed the process for exchanging the trains and their operations. The Albanian Railways S.A. is the railway company which operates under the status of a joint-stock company with 100% state capital. The Albanian Railways S.A. is technically supervised by the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure and it is financially supervised by the Ministry of Economic Development and Tourism, Trade and Enterpreneurship. Freight and passengers transport is being respectively performed by operator of Freight Business UNIT and Passengers Business UNIT, which for providing their services use the Railway Infrastructure that is a State property. The operator of Freight Business UNIT and Passengers Transport UNIT perform their railway transport service only within the Albanian railway network and they do not perfom international transport services outside the Albanian railway network. Infrastructure Management Business UNIT is in charge and is responsible for maintenance, renovation and safety of railway infrastructure; the organization and regulation of freight and passengers rail traffic. The passengers transport rail service operated by trains gets subsidy from the State Budget. Taking into consideration the current situation of the system of railway infrastructure which does not fulfill the requirements of technical specification of Interoperability of the European railway system, there is entrance at Albanian territory of freight wagons that come from import on behalf of local or foreign businesses, and it is being realised with a governmental agreement between Albania and the Montenegro. This inter-governmental agreement is to implemented immediately under the Vienna Summit conclusions and addendum for cross border implementations agreements. Albanian Railways has introduction to the biggest CRRC Beijing China last autumn for mutual developments in rail sectors. Abania is looking forward to adoption of new rail code in 2016 with full approximation of the Recast directive 2012/34/EU and the Railway Safety Directive and Interoperability Directive and Reg-s (EU). In 2014 in Bayza incoming trains volumes 145,264 of goods. As for Durres port by multimodal rail/road/maritime 2,433,775 of goods.

Freight Transportation by rail 2010-2014

DESCRIPTION

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Ton total (Thousands)

402.7

317.2

142.4

150.4

338

Total ton-km (millions)

66.1

50.1

25.3

22.9

39.8

Displacement Length

164.1

158

178

152

118

Income in Alb LEK (thousands)

388.3

337.9

174.3

153.1

269.3

Income in Alb LEK per ton-km

5.9

6.7

6.9

6.7

6.8

Income in Alb LEK per ton

964.2

1065.4

1224.5

1018.0

796.7

International traffic

Ton (import/export *103)

308

249.1

139.0

98.6

136.5

% ton

76.5%

78.5%

97.6%

65.6%

40.4%

Ton-km (million)

57.6

48.1

25.1

17.3

25.0

% ton-km

87.1%

96%

99%

76%

63%

Displacement length (km)

187.0

192.9

180.7

175.5

183.2

% average

114%

122%

102%

115%

156%

Income in Alb LEK (million)

343

307.4

171.9

122.7

180

%

88.3%

91%

99%

80%

67%

Income in Alb LEK per ton-km

5.9%

6.4%

6.8%

7.1%

7.2%

Income in Alb LEK per ton

1113.6

1233.7

1236.7

1244.4

1318.7

Domestic operations

Displacement length (km)

83.5

76.2

79.1

108.5

73.6

% average

51%

48%

44%

71%

63%

Income in Alb LEK per ton

478.4

449.3

721.0

586.9

443.2

Source Albanian Railways

International traffic of goods transported by rail in 2010-2014 include Imports, Iron ore, Grain, Corn, Barley,Juices, and Exports, cement, Spring Steel, Virgin oil, Minerals.

Article

Unit/Njesia

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Passengers total

1,000

430

453

448

329

186

Total passengers-km

1,000,000

18.7

18.2

15.8

11.7

7.7

Length of the trip (km)

43.4

40.2

35.2

35.5

41.4

Income in Alb LEK

1,000,000

26.0

24.9

20.4

14.5

10.7

Subsidy for Public service obligations (LEK)

1,000,000

434.0

419.0

440

440

440

Road transport

The National Road Network is 3,848 km, under the jurisdiction of Albanian Road Authority, also includes a total of 590 bridges. This network carries the majority of the country’s traffic.

The Regional and Local network consists of around 9,500 km.

Albania has actively participated in the Western Balkans 6 process and is part of the extension to the TEN-T core and comprehensive network to the Western Balkans, aiming to improve connectivity within the Western Balkans as well as with the EU;

Improvements to the road network continued.

Currently, the budget allocated for road maintenance in Albania is about of 30% of the total budget needed for road infrastructure maintenance, despite the fact that actual national budget spending on the national road network was less than the user charges collected (fuel excise taxes, circulation fuel taxes).

The MTI has adopted a Road Tolling Strategy (RTS), Albanian Sustainable Transport Plan, funded by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

The GoA is launching the “Results-based Road Maintenance and Safety Project”, five-year performance based maintenance contracts will be signed with four private contractors for the periodic and routine maintenance of 1,400 km of primary roads of the national road network.

The list of road cargo carriers



Border crossing

Albanian border crossing procedure

Customs declaration - The customs declaration is the presentation of the goods entering or leaving the territory of the Republic of Albania to the customs authorities to perform the procedure under one of the ways the declaration.

Import / Export / Transit procedure

  • Imports of goods
  • Exports of goods
  • Transit of goods

Documents

• May be in use "TIR carnet"

Economic customs regimes

Albanian border crossing list

Air border crossings

• Tirana Airport

Sea border crossings

  • Port of Shëngjin
  • Port of Durrës
  • Port of Vlorë
  • Port of Sarandë

Terrestrial border crossings

Albania – Montenegro

  • Muriqan (Shkodër) – Sukobin (Ulcinj)
  • Han i Hotit (Malësi e Madhe) – Božaj

Albania – Kosovo

  • Qafë Morinë (Tropojë) – Gjakovë
  • Qafë Prush (Has) – Gjakovë
  • Morinë (Kukës) – Vërmicë (Prizren)

Albania – FYROM

  • Bllatë (Dibër) – Spas (Debar)
  • Qafë Thanë (Pogradec) – Ќafasan (Struga)
  • Tushemisht (Pogradec) – Sveti Naum (Ohrid)
  • Goricë (Pustec) – Stenje (Resen)

Albania – Greece

  • Kapshticë (Devoll) – Krystallopigi
  • Tre Urat (Përmet) – Melissopetra (Konitsa)
  • Sopik (Dropull) - Drymades (Pogoni)
  • Kakavia – Ktismata (Pogoni)
  • Qafë Botë (Konispol) – Sagiada (Filiates)

By Rail border crossing

Albania – Montenegro

  • Podgorica–Shkodër railway.

www.punetebrendshme.gov.al

www.dogana.gov.al

An option in this regard is that road BCPs become organized as "single windows" or "one-stop-shops", one of the priority interventions recommended by the Vienna Western Balkans Summit in August 2015. This means that the border authorities of both countries are in one single building or at least in one dispatching cabin to shorten crossing times. The successful example in Murriqani Border Crossing Point with Montenegro, as a “one stop shop” should be followed in all Western Balkan Countries, as a direct step toward elimination of the transport bottlenecks.

It must be noted that road BCPs are in high need of a dedicated parking infrastructure since they are located on points that, historically, have never been designed to be national borders. This is also due to the significant increase in road transport in the region (at the detriment of rail transport). For instance, parking on the emergency lane of the motorway E 851 at the border Albania-Kosovo is leading to congestion, and in addition barring the emergency lane in case of danger (road safety and sanitary issue). The Vienna Western Balkans Summit also identified this issue as a priority intervention for the road sector in the Balkan region.

Ministry of transport of the country

Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure

www.transporti.gov.al

Embassy of the country in the People’s Republic of China

Embassy of the Republic of Albania in the Republic of China.

Address: Guang Hua Lu, 28, Beijing China.
Email: embassy.beijing@mfa.gov.al.
Tel. +8610 65321120
Fax.+8610 65325451